Was there ever a misinfo or propaganda that claimed that SK started the war and not NK? Usually the most mainstream belief is that NK started the war. And then I read somewhere that South Koreans that were allied with the U.S. started the invasion. Idk where I got this misinfo from and i hope I didnt say that to anyone bc it doesn't even make sense to me. I know obviously Japan and the U.S. imperialized and did the damage and division. but I've heard this thing too and idk how or where.
There wasn’t a misinformation campaign to suggest that the RoK started/provoked/etc. the war, that is simply what occurred.
To start answering this question, we must go back to 1945:
Following the surrender of Japan, an independent Korean socialist state began to form. The
People’s Republic of Korea had loose control over the Korean peninsula following the war, still in the process of establishing itself. Within months of the Japanese surrender, the u$ invaded and forcibly ejected the socialist Korean government that had
formed earlier that year from the South. Soviet
intervention prevented the u$ from doing such across the entire
peninsula. Afterwards, the u$ occupation government declared all vaguely
socialist political parties illegal, and imprisoned anti-occupation
activists (whether socialists, communists, or run of the mill liberals)
The u$ occupation government, once it had banned socialists parties and imprisoned socialists to a sufficient degree, held sham elections to put a hard-line pro-u$ anti-communist regime into power. This regime came in the form of Syngman Rhee and his followers. Under Syngman Rhee, the suppression of any vague opposition to the hard-line pro-occupation anti-communist state line intensified, all with the aid of the u$ of course.
Together the occupiers and their puppets carried out
several massacres of protestors opposing the regime and the occupation.
In 1949 Syngman Rhee’s anticommunist paramilitary units massacred the
village of Mungyeong, leaving some 88 dead, mostly children and the
elderly. Previously, in 1948 Jeju island rebelled against this
repression, and as a result some 15,000-20,000 people were killed by the u$-RoK alliance. Another 40,000 had to flee South Korea entirely, some
going to Japan, some to China, some to the North. A rebellion occurred
in Yeosu–Suncheon in 1948, in response to the massacre at Jeju. Some
3,000 civilians were killed during the rebellion, the absolute majority
being killed by RoK forces by their own admission over half a century
later. Information about the rebellion, alongside information about the
Jeju uprising, was effectively made illegal in the South for decades.
During all of this, border skirmishes were common and RoK backed anti-communist guerillas continuously attempted to infiltrate the North to carry out terrorist attacks (sometimes successfully.)
The South had been begging the u$ to support it in an invasion of the
North for years, but the u$ was reluctant to support it out of fear of a
Red Army response, so the South tried to provoke the North into
attacking “first” (by instead attacking the North continuously without
launching a proper invasion.)
With all of this in mind, it becomes clear that the war wasn’t a random act of Northern aggression, it was the result of years of conflict, the last big event before the war went from warm to hot being the RoK seizing a disputed border village only a few days before the KPA invaded. The invasion of the RoK by the Korean People’s Army was not only justified, it was a moral obligation to liberate the South from its brutal occupation which had already left tens of thousands dead and hundreds of thousands imprisoned.
Once the war broke out, the Syngman Rhee regime massacred the previously
imprisoned activists painted as “Northern collaborators”, leaving some
150,000 dead. Further, once the war was ongoing there was such low
support for Syngman Rhee’s military that some 400,000 Koreans had to be
forcibly drafted. During the training of these men, they were subjected
to brutal conditions, and some 300,000 either deserted or died during
the ordeal, some 50,000 to 90,000 dying of starvation alone. In 1950
over 150 civilians were massacred by the RoK police in Goyang, merely for suspected Northern sympathies. Over 460 civilians were massacred the same year in
Namyangju, as part of the same campaign against alleged sympathizers.
After Northern forces recaptured Pyongyang from the South, another round
of massacres against “sympathizers” was carried out across several
counties, leaving some 1,100 civilians dead. In Sancheong and Hamyang in
1951, 705 civilians were massacred by Syngman Rhee’s forces, less than
15% of them were military aged men. Another 719 were killed days later
in Geochang under similar circumstances.
The bulk of these events were blamed on the North for decades to come,
as the South was under the control of brutal u$-backed dictatorships up
until the 1990s, and still today remains occupied and heavily influenced by the u$. These atrocities have largely been admitted to by the South since,
but the repression of those with “Northern sympathies” is still ongoing,
being caught with Northern music is enough to cause imprisonment. This isn’t mentioning the immense atrocities
carried out by the u$, including but not limited to the relentless
carpet bombing of the North, which killed hundreds of thousands of
civilians directly, and caused hundreds of thousands more to starve due
to the bombing of any and all agricultural infrastructure. The u$ carried out biological warfare experiments against the North during the
war, killed over 300 civilians at Nogeun-ri, and killed thousands in
their retaliatory campaign in South Hwanghae province.